Proofs, Sets and Numbers (MATH*2000)
Code and section: MATH*2000*01
This course exposes the student to formal mathematical proof, and introduces the theory of sets and number systems. Topics include relations and functions, number systems including formal properties of the natural numbers, integers, and the real and complex numbers. Equivalence relations and partial and total orders are introduced. The geometry and topology of the real number line and Cartesian plane are introduced. Techniques of formal proof are introduced including well-ordering, mathematical induction, proof by contradiction, and proof by construction. These techniques will be applied to fundamental theorems from linear algebra.